STEP 3 – PREPARE A KIT
In an emergency you will need some basic supplies. You may need to get by without power or tap water. Be prepared to be self-sufficient for at least 72 hours.
You may have some of the items already, such as a flashlight, battery-operated radio, food, water and blankets. The key is to make sure they are organized and easy to find. Would you be able to find your flashlight in the dark?
Make sure your kit is easy to carry. Keep it in a backpack, duffel bag or suitcase with wheels, in an easy-to-reach, accessible place, such as your front hall closet. Make sure everyone in the household knows where the emergency kit is.
Basic Emergency Kit
- Water (at least two litres of water per person per day. Include small bottles that can be carried easily in case of an evacuation order
- Food that won’t spoil, such as canned food, energy bars and dried foods (remember to replace the food and water once a year)
- Manual can opener
- Flashlight and batteries
- Candles and matches or lighter (remember to place candles in sturdy containers and to put them out before going to sleep)
- Battery-powered or wind-up radio (and extra batteries)
- First aid kit
- Special items such as prescription medications, infant formula and equipment for people with disabilities
- Extra keys for your car and house
- Some cash in smaller bills, such as $10 bills and change for payphones
- A copy of your emergency plan and contact information
Recommended Additional Items
- A change of clothing and footwear for each household member
- Sleeping bag or warm blanket for each household member
- A whistle
- Garbage bags for personal sanitation
- Toilet paper and other personal care supplies
- Safety gloves
- Basic tools (hammer, pliers, wrench, screwdrivers, fasteners, work gloves)
- Small fuel-driven stove and fuel (follow manufacturer’s directions and store properly)
- Two litres of water per person per day for cooking and cleaning
Canadian Red Cross kits are available at www.redcross.ca
St. John Ambulance and Salvation Army kits can be purchased from the following retailers:
Basic Car Kit
If you have a car, prepare a small kit and keep it in the vehicle.
The basic kit should include:
- Food that won’t spoil (such as energy bars)
- Extra clothing and shoes
- Candle in a deep can and matches
- First aid kit with seatbelt cutter
- Warning light or road flares
- Small shovel, scraper and snowbrush
- List of contact numbers
Recommended additional items to keep in your car:
- Sand, salt or cat litter
- Antifreeze, windshield washer fluid
- Tow rope and jumper cables
- Fire extinguisher
- Roadmaps, whistle and flashlight
Don’t wait for an emergency to happen. There are simple things you can do now to prepare yourself and your loved ones. By simply reading this guide, you are well on your way.
Make your plan and prepare your kit.
Write yourself a reminder to update your emergency plan one year from now. One this date next year, review your contact information, practice your emergency evacuation plans, change the batteries in your smoke detector and carbon monoxide detector and restock the contents of your kit.